Peppers are herbaceous plants, perennial in natural conditions, but raised as annual in most cases, due to its susceptibility to frosts. They grow like bushes, and can reack up to 75 cm high.
The stalk has dichotomic branches and over the branches there are medium-sized, full, oval-shaped and intense green leaves.
Its flowes are perfect and are presented alone; are small (1cm), with dentated calyx, five white petals and yellowish blue or purple antennae.
Its fruit is a berry which has very variable characteristics. Its weight can vary from a few grams to up to half a kg. Its shape can be round, armoured, sharp, cylindrical or square. It can be yellow, green or red; or even white or black.
Pepper stands out because of its high content in vitamin C and vitamin B6, which is essential for both the brain and the nervous system.
It stands out also because of its high content in betacarotene (which upon entering the organism turns into vitamin A) and vitamins of the group B2 (as well as vitamin E). Because of that, it is ideal for preventing the appearance of degenerative and chronic diseases.
Specifically, betacarotene helps preventing cancer, cerebral haemorrages, cataracts and cardiac diseases.
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